4/26 Africa and Europe

Some European and American scholars are just starting to recognize that the cosmopolitanism that we looked at last time encompassed even broader geographies.

Here are the images we’ll be discussing today.


  • Caravans of Gold, Fragments in Time: Art, Culture and Exchange across Medieval Saharan Africa (2019-20 exhibition at the Block Museum of Art at Northwestern University, the Aga Khan Museum in Toronto, and the Smithsonian Museum of African Art). Read the following pages and watch the embedded videos: Home page; Driving Desires: Gold and Salt; The Long Reach of the Sahara; Shifting Away from the Sahara  
  • Kristen Collins & Bryan C. Keene, “Images of African Kingship, Real and Imagined,” Getty blog, December 4, 2019.
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